Traffic calming is the combination of mostly physical measures that minimize negative effects of motor vehicle use, alter driver behavior, and increase safety for bicyclists and pedestrians. Traffic calming measures are self-enforcing and do not require enforcement by Police. Traffic calming reduces the speed and volume of traffic to acceptable levels for improved neighborhood livability, crime prevention, and urban redevelopment.
In an effort to address neighborhood improvement and revitalization, the City of Boca Raton created the neighborhood Improvement Study Commission by City Council Resolution No. 79-96, in April of 1996. Working closely with City staff, the Commission developed the City's First Residential Traffic Calming Plan, which was approved by City Council under Resolution 37-97, adopted March 18, 1997. The Traffic Calming Program, described in this original plan, was designed to maintain a clear focus on traffic safety and the general interest of the community as a whole. Specific objectives and goals encouraged the preservation of the unique, positive and highly desirable attributes of the City's residential neighborhoods and of improving its overall quality of life. In 1999, an Interdepartmental Staff Task Force took the experiences learned from the implementation of the original 1997 plan and developed a revised plan which was titled Traffic Calming Policy and was approved by City Council on March 16, 1999 by Resolution No. 47-99. The Traffic Calming Program was subsequently put on hold due to a long waiting list of neighborhoods that petitioned for traffic calming and a high estimated cost of proposed traffic calming consensus plans. A "Traffic Calming Program Comprehensive Report and Recommendations" was distributed to City Council in June 2000 and discussed at the City Council Workshop on August 21, 2000. At the City Council Workshop on November 13, 2000, the City Manager and staff received direction from City Council to streamline the traffic calming process and reduce costs through a revised traffic calming program that included a new "enhanced speed hump" traffic calming feature as the only feature available for funding in neighborhoods requesting traffic calming. The current Traffic Calming Policy was adopted on February 27, 2001 by Resolution 46-2001.